# -= Subtract By Operator

`-=`

Subtract By Operator

Subtracts a variable by the right hand value (expression)

## Description

The Subtract By operator takes the value of the variable specified on the left side of the operator and subtracts it by the value on the right hand side. Then it assigns the result back to the variable specified on the left side.

It is ostensibly just shorthand for `$i = $i - value`

.

This operator is only available in expressions.

## Examples

```
» $i = 3
» $i -= 2
» $i
1
```

## Detail

### Strict Types

Unlike with the standard arithmetic operators (`+`

, `-`

, `*`

, `/`

), silent data casting isn't supported with arithmetic assignments like `+=`

, `-=`

, `*=`

and `/=`

. Not even when `strict-types`

is disabled (read more)

You can work around this by using the slightly longer syntax: **variable = value op value**, for example:

```
» $i = "3"
» $i = $i + "2"
» $i
5
```

## See Also

- Define Type (
`cast`

): Alters the data-type of the previous function without altering its output - Expressions (
`expr`

): Expressions: mathematical, string comparisons, logical operators - Operators And Tokens: All supported operators and tokens
- Shell Configuration And Settings (
`config`

): Query or define Murex runtime settings `*=`

Multiply By Operator: Multiplies a variable by the right hand value (expression)`+=`

Add With Operator: Adds the right hand value to a variable (expression)`-=`

Subtract By Operator: Subtracts a variable by the right hand value (expression)`-`

Subtraction Operator: Subtracts one numeric value from another (expression)`float`

(floating point number): Floating point number (primitive)`int`

: Whole number (primitive)`num`

(number): Floating point number (primitive)

This document was generated from gen/expr/subtract-by-op_doc.yaml.