murex Shell Docs

Command Reference: <> / read-named-pipe

Reads from a murex named pipe


Sometimes you will need to start a command line with a murex named pipe, eg

» <namedpipe> -> match: foobar

See the documentation on pipe for more details about murex named pipes.


Read from pipe

<namedpipe> -> <stdout>

Write to pipe

<stdin> -> <namedpipe>


The follow two examples function the same

» pipe: example
» bg { <example> -> match: 2 }
» a: <example> [1..3]
» !pipe: example


What are murex named pipes?

In POSIX, there is a concept of STDIN, STDOUT and STDERR, these are FIFO files while are “piped” from one executable to another. ie STDOUT for application ‘A’ would be the same file as STDIN for application ‘B’ when A is piped to B: A | B. murex adds a another layer around this to enable support for passing data types and builtins which are agnostic to the data serialization format traversing the pipeline. While this does add overhead the advantage is this new wrapper can be used as a primitive for channelling any data from one point to another.

murex named pipes are where these pipes are created in a global store, decoupled from any executing functions, named and can then be used to pass data along asynchronously.

For example

pipe: example

bg {
    <example> -> match: Hello

out: "foobar"        -> <example>
out: "Hello, world!" -> <example>
out: "foobar"        -> <example>

!pipe: example

This returns Hello, world! because out is writing to the example named pipe and match is also reading from it in the background (bg).

Named pipes can also be inlined into the command parameters with <> tags

pipe: example

bg {
    <example> -> match: Hello

out: <example> "foobar"
out: <example> "Hello, world!"
out: <example> "foobar"

!pipe: example

Please note this is also how test works.

murex named pipes can also represent network sockets, files on a disk or any other read and/or write endpoint. Custom builtins can also be written in Golang to support different abstractions so your murex code can work with those read or write endpoints transparently.

To see the different supported types run

runtime --pipes

Namespaces and usage in modules and packages

Pipes created via pipe are created in the global namespace. This allows pipes to be used across different functions easily however it does pose a risk with name clashes where murex named pipes are used heavily. Thus is it recommended that pipes created in modules should be prefixed with the name of its package.


See Also

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Last built on Mon Feb 13 09:18:06 UTC 2023 against commit f339958f33995895c1d997efcdbb8408d2c8d45f8b5f934.

Current version is which has been verified against 13950 tests cases.