murex Shell Docs

Command Reference: autocomplete

Set definitions for tab-completion in the command line


autocomplete digests a JSON schema and uses that to define the tab- completion rules for suggestions in the interactive command line.


autocomplete get [ command ] -> <stdout>

autocomplete set command { mxjson }



Undefining autocomplete

Currently there is no support for undefining an autocompletion rule however you can overwrite existing rules.


The directives are listed below. Headings are formatted as follows:

"DirectiveName": json data-type (default value)

Where "default value" is what will be auto-populated at run time if you don't define an autocomplete schema manually.

"Alias": string ("")

description to follow

"AllowMultiple": boolean (false)

Set to true to enable multiple parameters following the same rules as defined in this index. For example the following will suggest directories on each tab for multiple parameters:

autocomplete set example { [{
    "IncDirs": true,
    "AllowMultiple": true
}] }

"AnyValue": boolean (false)

The way autocompletion works in murex is the suggestion engine looks for matches and if it fines one, it then moves onto the next index in the JSON schema. This means unexpected values typed in the interactive terminal will break the suggestion engine's ability to predict what the next expected parameter should be. Setting AnyValue to true tells the suggestion engine to accept any value as the next parameter thus allowing it to then predict the next parameter afterwards.

This directive isn't usually nessisary because such fields are often the last parameter or most parameters can be detectable with a reasonable amount of effort. However AnyValue is often required for more complex command line tools.

"AutoBranch": boolean (false)

Use this in conjunction with Dynamic. If the return is an array of paths, for example [ "/home/foo", "/home/bar" ] then AutoBranch will return the following patterns in the command line:

» example [tab]
# suggests "/home/"

» example /home/[tab]
# suggests "/home/foo" and "/home/bar"

Please note that AutoBranch's behavior is also dependant on a "shell" config setting, recursive-enabled":

» config get shell recursive-enabled

"Dynamic": string ("")

This is a murex block which returns an array of suggestions.

Code inside that block are executed like a function and the parameters will mirror the same as those parameters entered in the interactive terminal.

"DynamicDesc": string ("")

This is very similar to Dynamic except your function should return a map instead of an array. Where each key is the suggestion and the value is a description.

The description will appear either in the hint text or alongside the suggestion - depending on which suggestion "popup" you define (see ListView).

"ExecCmdline": boolean (false)

Sometimes you'd want your autocomplete suggestions to aware of the output returned from the commands that preceded it. For example the suggestions for [ (index) will depend entirely on what data is piped into it.

ExecCmdline tells murex to run the commandline up until the command which your cursor is editing and pipe that output to the STDIN of that commands Dynamic or DynamicDesc code block.

This is a dangerous feature to enable so ExecCmdline is only honoured if the commandline is considered "safe". Dynamic / DynamicDesc will still be executed however if the commandline is "unsafe" then your dynamic autocompletion blocks will have no STDIN.

Because this is a dangerous feature, your partial commandline will only execute if the following conditions are met:

If these criteria are met, the commandline is considered "safe"; if any of those conditions fail then the commandline is considered "unsafe".

murex will come with a number of sane commands already included in its safe-commands whitelist however you can add or remove them using config

» function: foobar { -> match foobar }
» config: eval shell safe-commands { -> append foobar }

Remember that ExecCmdline is designed to be included with either Dynamic or DynamicDesc and those code blocks would need to read from STDIN:

autocomplete set "[" { [{
    "AnyValue": true,
    "AllowMultiple": true,
    "ExecCmdline": true,
    "Dynamic": ({
        switch ${ get-type: stdin } {
            case * {
                <stdin> -> [ 0: ] -> format json -> [ 0 ]
            catch {
                <stdin> -> formap k v { out $k } -> cast str -> append "]"
}] }

"FlagValues": map of arrays (null)

This is a map of the flags with the values being the same array of directive as the top level.

This allows you to nest operations by flags. eg when a flag might accept multiple parameters.

"Flags": array of strings (auto-populated from man pages)

Setting Flags is the fastest and easiest way to populate suggestions because it is just an array of strings. eg

autocomplete set example { [{
    "Flags": [ "foo", "bar" ]
}] }

If a command doesn't Flags already defined when you request a completion suggestion but that command does have a man page, then Flags will be automatically populated with any flags identified from an a quick parse of the man page. However because man pages are written to be human readable rather than machine parsable, there may not be a 100% success rate with the automatic man page parsing.

"FlagsDesc": map of strings (null)

This is the same concept as Flags except it is a map with the suggestion as a key and description as a value. This distinction is the same as the difference between Dynamic and DynamicDesc.

Please note that currently man page parsing cannot provide a description so only Flags get auto-populated.

"IncDirs": boolean (false)

Enable to include directories.

Not needed if IncFiles is set to true.

Behavior of this directive can be altered with config set shell recursive-enabled

"IncExePath": boolean (false)

Enable this to any executables in $PATH. Suggestions will not include aliases, functions nor privates.

"IncFiles": boolean (true)

Include files and directories. This is enabled by default for any commands that don't have autocomplete defined but you will need to manually enable it in any autocomplete schemas you create and want files as part of the suggestions.

"ListView": boolean (false)

This alters the appearance of the autocompletion suggestions "popup". Rather than suggestions being in a grid layout (with descriptions overwriting the hint text) the suggestions are in a list view with the descriptions next to them on the same row (similar to how an IDE might display it's suggestions).

"NestedCommand": boolean (false)

Only enable this if the command you are autocompleting is a nested parameter of the parent command you have types. For example with sudo, once you've typed the command name you wish to elivate, then you would want suggestions for that command rather than for sudo itself.

"Optional": boolean (false)

Specifies if a match is required for the index in this schema. ie optional flags.

See Also

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